January 25, 2023, 11:00 - 11:50
Josh BongardThe University of Vermont, USA
From rigid to soft to biological robots.
Organisms and robots must find ways to return to a viable state when confronted with unexpected internal surprise such as injury, or external surprise, such as a new environment. Rigid robots can only confront such challenges by adapting behaviorally. Soft robots have the added option of morphological adaptation: changing shape, material properties, topology, plurality, and/or mass. Finally, biological robots -- machines built completely from biological tissues -- inherit the protean nature of their donor organisms, providing them with forms of morphological and behavioral adaptation beyond even today’s most morphologically plastic soft robots. In this talk I will review our recent efforts to create biological robots, and how their protean natures have led us to rethink how we approach soft robotics, embodied cognition, and intelligence in general.
Josh Bongard is the Veinott Professor of Computer Science at the University of Vermont and director of the Morphology, Evolution & Cognition Laboratory. His work involves automated design and manufacture of soft-, evolved-, and crowdsourced robots, as well as computer-designed organisms. A PECASE, TR35, and Cozzarelli Prize recipient, he has received funding from NSF, NASA, DARPA, ARO and the Sloan Foundation. He is the co-author of the book How The Body Shapes the Way We Think, the instructor of a reddit-based evolutionary robotics MOOC, and director of the robotics outreach program Twitch Plays Robotics.
January 26, 2023, 11:00 - 11:50
Hyungbo ShimSeoul National University, Republic of Korea
Analysis and Synthesis of Heterogeneous Multi-agent System via Blended Dynamics Approach
This talk emphasizes that a group of heterogeneous multi-agent dynamics exhibits an emergence of new behavior when some parts of the dynamics are enforced to synchronize, and the new behavior can be represented by the so-called blended dynamics. This fact is utilized for analysis of the behavior of coupled oscillators and for explaining how a large number of agents in a group can enhance the robustness of the group. The fact, when viewed in a different angle, can also be used for synthesis of a heterogeneous multi-agent system intended for distributed computation. We demonstrate a few applications of the designs in this talk.
Hyungbo Shim received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from Seoul National University, Korea, and held the post-doc position at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Since 2003, he has been with Seoul National University, now the director of Automation and Systems Research Institute. He has served as an associate editor for Automatica and IEEE Trans. on Automatic Control. He is the IPC chair of IFAC World Congress 2026. His research interests include stability analysis of nonlinear systems, observer design, disturbance observer technique, secure control systems, and synchronization for multi-agent systems.
January 26, 2023, 15:00 - 15:50
Hirotaka OsawaKeio University, Japan
Human-Agent Interaction as Augmentation of Social Intelligence
Human-agent interaction is a broad discipline that deals with the interaction between humans and social agents. Agents in human-agent interaction exist in many implementations, including social robots, on-screen agents, and game characters, but they all have one thing in common: they are social entities that are perceived by humans as having intentions. Just as artificial intelligence technologies augment human intelligence, these agent technologies can be considered augmenting human society in future. This talk will look at some of the agent research in the field of human-agent interaction, including anthropomorphic technology, board game research, and science fiction research, and examine how human-agent interaction can augment human society in the future.
Dr. Hirotaka Osawa is an associate professor in Keio University and visiting associate professor in University of Tsukuba. His research field is in human-agent interaction, including development of anthropomorphic devices, simulation for social agent using social games, and humanity studies using science fictions including sci-fi prototyping. He believes that social intelligence tasks, such as recursively reading each other's intentions, are an important factor in the evolution of artificial intelligence, and he carries out these studies from this perspective. He is senior editor of Japanese Society of Artificial Intelligence. He is also a board member of Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan.